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Hack Like a Pro How to Find Almost Every Known Vulnerability

Hack Like a Pro How to Find Almost Every Known Vulnerability

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We can see that the SecurityFocus database has some handy tools for searching for vulnerabilities. It will allow us to search by vendor, by title of the ...

We can see that Metasploit has incorporated this exploit into its latest version and updates and is ready for us to use to own nearly any system (XP, Vista, ...

Hack Like a Pro: How to Find Almost Every Known Vulnerability & Exploit Out There

We most likely will have to do a little research first to find the proper vulnerability on the target system and then find an exploit to take advantage of ...

When we do that for this brand new vulnerability, we can see that no one has yet developed the exploit.

Finally, click on the submit button and the system will return pages of Adobe Flash Player vulnerabilities.

Once again, it identifies the server (Apache) and then proceeds to identify numerous potential vulnerabilities pre-fixed with OSVDB.

If we scroll down a bit, we come to a vulnerability called Adobe Flash Player CVE-2012-0754 . That one sounds interesting, let's click on it.

Step 1Fire Up Kali & Open Nikto

Scan Facebook

Step 3Scan the Site

As you can see, it tells us that WonderHowTo is using Microsoft's IIS 8.5 as a web server and then lists numerous potential vulnerabilities.

Step 6Show Payloads

Metasploit returns for us some basic info on the exploit. I have highlighted the description in the screenshot above. In this info, we can also see that ...

Step 3Scan the Site

Step 1Fire Up Kali & Open a Browser

As you can see in the lower left window, OWASP ZAP has sent us 8 alerts. These alerts are categorized by the type of vulnerability. In this case, these are:

When you see the screen below, you have successfully installed Nexpose and are ready to begin scanning for vulnerabilities.

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Here, Microsoft lays out all the details of the vulnerabilities that they are aware of in their operating system and application software.

Step 3Set the Exploit

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Let's use this search function to find some recent Windows exploits (we are always looking for new Windows exploits, aren't we?)

Step 4Open Up Searchsploit

Once we set the payload, we once again need to check options as payloads have their own set of options. When we do so, we see that we need to set the ...

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When you click on the "Load Google Hack Database", it populates the upper window with over 1,400 Google hacks that attempt to find key information about the ...

... summary of the exploit and tells which of their systems are vulnerable. If we page down we can see a list of all affected files and operating systems.

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We'll be checking out some of the other resources for finding vulnerabilities, hacks and exploits in future tutorials, so stay tuned.

Notice that this vulnerability is named "Vulnerability in Server Service Could allow Remote Code Execution". Remote code execution is exactly what we are ...

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We can see that Microsoft provides us (thank you, Bill!) will an executive summary of the exploit and tells which of their systems are vulnerable.

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Step 4Set the Options

Obviously, if I had malicious intentions, I could have changed all their settings, including the password and wreaked havoc on this wireless device and its ...

... "Search Directory" and see some of the most common and recent searches. If you are new to Shodan, I recommend that you browse "Popular Searches" first.

The first thing you will see is the license. Go ahead and accept the terms if you feel comfortable with them. This is a standard Apache license.

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We can see that this scan returns results on all the machines on the defined network giving us critical information on the operating system version, ...

Once the database has been loaded, we can begin our scan of the target database. Here I will be scanning the webscantest.com website, so I put it in the ...

Wikto begins to scan the website for known vulnerabilities, just like nikto, and places the list of vulnerabilities in the lower left side window as seen ...

Wikto is one more tool in our hacking toolbox to help us gather information and find vulnerabilities in web applications. For those of you still using ...

These are the commands that wikto will run against the website looking for known vulnerabilities. Start the vulnerability scan by clicking ...

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When you see the screen below, you have successfully installed Nexpose and are ready to begin scanning for vulnerabilities.

Finally, you will see a screen asking for your credentials. Enter the username and password you entered when you installed Nexpose.

Step 3Run Snmpenum

When you see this screen, you are ready to start scanning.

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First, let's start by navigating to shodanhq.com. When we do, we'll be greeted by an opening screen like that below.

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You will get a warning like that below; go ahead and click "Allow."

... to all of the exploits that meet those criteria. Of course, you can put in whatever criteria you are searching for. I am only using these as an example.

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As you can see, our new Hacking Team exploit has been moved to the proper directory for use with Metasploit. If you don't have that directory, simply create ...

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When you see this screen, you are ready to start scanning.

We can then scroll down through this report to view the numerous vulnerabilities the scanner found. Here is an example of one:

This will open a screen like the one below and Nexpose will begin to update its database of known vulnerabilities.

Step 1Fire Up Kali & Open a Browser

As you can see in the screenshot above, the new exploit has been loaded into Metasploit and is ready to use. To use the new exploit, type:

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The first thing you will see is the license. Go ahead and accept the terms if you feel comfortable with them. This is a standard Apache license.

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msf exploit(ms09_050_smb2_negotiate_func_index) > exploit

As we can see in the screenshot below, this reveals the options that need to set in order to use this module and a description of the module.

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... don't change the default passwords, often you can gain access to these devices simply using these lists to find the default admin username and password.

As you can see in the screenshot above, this exploit has numerous options, but all of them are already set with default values.

Step 3Find an Exploit

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msf >use exploit/windows/fileformat/ms10_087_rtf_pfragments_bof

... and SCADA systems that, for instance, control nuclear power plants and electrical grids. If it has a web interface, Shodan can find it!

Hacking Windows Vista by Exploiting SMB2 Vulnerabilities

Note that this exploit will work on all operating systems from Windows XP to Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 6 through 11 with Flash 11, 12, and 13.

"We were able to identify eight vendors and open-source projects and a significant number of hosts that were vulnerable to minor variations of ...

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This process can take hours, but it is worth it as you will have nearly every directory and file on the backend of the website.

msf exploit( ms10_087_rtf_pfragments_bof) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp

Step 1Fire Up Kali

Although the vulnerability has been patched, many systems don't have automatic patching for a number of reasons, especially within corporate, ...

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Step 3Find an Exploit

As you can see in the screenshot above, Metasploit provides us critical background information on this exploit.

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Step 2Now Check the Log